What is Ridge Augmentation?
A ridge augmentation is a common dental procedure often performed following a tooth extraction to help recreate the natural contour of the gums and jaw that may have been lost due to bone loss as a result of a tooth extraction, or for another reason.
The alveolar ridge of the jaw is the bone that surrounds the roots of teeth. When a tooth is removed, an empty socket is left in the alveolar ridge bone. Usually this empty socket will heal on its own, filling with bone and tissue. Sometimes when a tooth is removed, the bone surrounding the socket breaks, and it unable to heal on its own. The previous height and width of the socket will continue to deteriorate.
Rebuilding the original height and width of the alveolar ridge is not medically necessary, but may be required for dental implant placement, or for aesthetic purposes. Dental implants require bone to support their structure, and a ridge augmentation can help rebuild this bone to accommodate the implant. At Northeast Periodontal Specialists, we offer ridge augmentation procedures to help increase a patient's candidacy for dental implants. To learn more about this process, please contact our periodontal office in Worcester, MA today.
"All are very friendly and helpful at this office!! I had many questions that were all answered and my worries lessened. My mom came with me and she said she’s never been to a more friendlier office as she was asked multiple times if she needed anything as a coffee or water. The doctor is wonderful and did an amazing job for my gum surgery. Thank you."- T.B. / Google / Oct 07, 2023
"Had an issue and they called me back and took me in the same day. Turned out not to be a tooth issue but they were thorough and pleasant. My primary healthcare couldn’t see me but Northeast Periodontal Specialist could."- S.R. / Google / Sep 16, 2023
"Dr Rafla and his staff are nothing but professional. He is a talented oral surgeon, did implants for my Front teeth. He uses the best anesthetics, I did not feel anything when he worked on me. lf you use him for anything you won't regret it. Follow up care is the best also. His staff is top notch."- D.M. / Google / Jun 17, 2023
"Perfect"- K.N. / Google / Jun 10, 2023
"I was there today,personel are very polite,professional,they really are great in what they all do."- A.E. / Google / Jun 10, 2023
How is it Accomplished?
A ridge augmentation is accomplished by placing bone graft material in the tooth socket. It is often done immediately after the tooth is removed, to avoid the need for a second procedure later. Next, the gum tissue is placed over the socket and secured with sutures. Our periodontists may choose to use a space-maintaining product over the top of the graft to help restore the height and width of the space created by the tooth and bone loss, and into which new bone should grow. Once the socket has healed, the alveolar ridge can be prepared for dental implant placement.
A ridge augmentation procedure is typically performed at Northeast Periodontal Specialists under local anesthesia. Some patients may also request sedative medication in addition.
What is a Sinus?
The maxillary sinuses are behind your cheeks and on top of the upper teeth. These sinuses are empty, air-filled spaces. Some of the roots of the natural upper teeth extend up into the maxillary sinuses. When these upper teeth are removed, there is often just a thin wall of bone separating the maxillary sinus and the mouth. Dental implants need bone to hold them in place. When the sinus wall is very thin, it is impossible to place dental implants in this bone.
Sinus Augmentation Procedure
The key to a successful and long-lasting dental implant is the quality and quantity of jaw bone to which the implant will be attached. If bone loss has occurred due to injury or periodontal disease, a sinus augmentation can raise the sinus floor and allow for new bone formation.
In the most common sinus augmentation procedure, a small incision is made on the premolar or molar region to expose the jaw bone. A small opening is cut into the bone, and the membrane lining the sinus is pushed upward. The underlying space is filled with bone grafting material, either from your own body or from a cadaver. Sometimes, synthetic materials that can imitate bone formation are used. After the bone is implanted, the incision is stitched up and the healing process begins. After several months of healing, the bone becomes part of the patient’s jaw and dental implants can be inserted and stabilized in this new sinus bone.
If enough bone between the upper jaw ridge and the bottom of the sinus is available to stabilize the implant well, sinus augmentations and implant placement can sometimes be performed as a single procedure. If not enough bone is available, the sinus augmentation will have to be performed first, then the graft will have to mature for several months, depending upon the type of graft material used. Once the graft has matured, the implants can be placed.
The sinus graft makes it possible for many patients to have dental implants when years ago there was no other option besides wearing loose dentures. To learn if you are a candidate for a sinus augmentation procedure, please call Northeast Periodontal Specialists to schedule a consultation at our Worcester, MA office.